Six days before the Passover, Jesus therefore came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.Bethany is a little town only about 2 miles from Jerusalem. So, exactly one week before Jesus is to be crucified, He arrives in Bethany. John makes sure to point to the presence of Lazarus. This plays a role later.
(John 12:1 ESV)
Also on this day, Mary anoints Jesus. She anoints him with Pure Nard, an oil extracted from a root. Judas doesn’t like that she has done this. He makes a comment about how it could have been sold and how much it was worth. John tells us this:
“Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?” He said this, not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief, and having charge of the moneybag he used to help himself to what was put into it.Jesus, though he would have known Judas' heart, instead only responds to the statement itself. He then alludes to the upcoming crucifixion. John relays the story this way:
(John 12:5-6 ESV)
Jesus said, “Leave her alone, so that she may keep it for the day of my burial. For the poor you always have with you, but you do not always have me.”At some point after these events a crowd shows up. They were wanting to see both Jesus and Lazarus... the famous man who was raised from the dead. Because of this the Pharisees and the Chief priests start plotting to kill both of these men, the miracle worker and the evidence.
(John 12:7-8 ESV)